لماذا يجب أن نرفض مشروع قانون الجرائم الإلكترونية


Who is this article for? Finding your audience.

Research Degree Insiders

For every article (or book chapter), you need to understand who you are writing for to write a strong abstract, a good introduction and conclusion, and to signpost clearly. If you don’t answer these specific questions, people reading your work are often confused, or they guess the answers (and often guess wrong).

For articles, these answers are usually super super specialised, and can be quite different between articles written by the same person. Knowing the answers helps frame the argument and conclusions but also helps you to submit to the right journals for your work.

The questions are:

  • Who is this piece of writing for?
  • What is this piece of writing doing?
  • What will those people do with it once they’ve read it?


books_education_school_literature_know_reading_library_paper-932810.jpg!d.jpegAcademic readers always read with a purpose–they have very limited time for reading just for interest or pleasure, so you need to think about why they…

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you don’t own me- authorship and other problems


A guest post from Megan, Maximum and Dulcie McPherson. Megan, a practising artist,  has just completed her PhD –yay and congratulations – and is looking for work in Melbourne and beyond.


During the week I was approached by a researcher to have a chat about doing some work for her research project.

All well and good I thought. I’d just handed in my thesis last month. I’m in the weird waiting space in-between hand in and getting the results back. I could do with some extra work; my savings are starting to look a bit sad and my 10 week research administration support contract is just about to finish.

During the conversation with the researcher a series of alarm bells rang out. The time allowance was for a day a week for 12 weeks (around 85 hours). There was no scope of the work involved or timeline…

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